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Maximizing Efficiency: The Pros and Cons of Outsourcing Non-Core Business Functions

In today's competitive business landscape, companies are constantly seeking ways to streamline operations, reduce costs, and focus on their core competencies. One strategy that has gained prominence is outsourcing non-core business functions to external service providers. While outsourcing offers numerous benefits, it also comes with its own set of challenges.

In this article, we explore typical non-core functions outsourced by businesses, the advantages of outsourcing each function, and the potential disadvantages that organization's should consider. Let these included items serve as the beginning to an effective checklist for your organizations quest to optimize outsourcing opportunities.

First, let’s take a look at;

1. Manufacturing Support Services

Even though these are typically used in manufacturing settings, they still work for service industries that have assets employed; an example might be a delivery truck or an oven:

Typical Outsourced Functions: Maintenance and repair of equipment, fabrication, tooling, field warranty management, material requirements planning, purchasing, design services, human resources management, and specialized machinery needs.

Advantages of Outsourcing:

  • Access to specialized expertise and technology ensures efficient maintenance practices.

  • Cost savings are realized through reduced labor and maintenance expenses.

  • Increased uptime and productivity of manufacturing operations lead to improved overall efficiency.

Disadvantages of Outsourcing:

  • Loss of direct control over maintenance processes can result in delays and quality issues.

  • Potential delays in response time from external vendors may impact production schedules.

  • Quality concerns may arise if vendor standards do not align with company requirements. (Source: Forbes)

The next topic I’d like you to consider, because it really hits all of us in some way is;

2. Logistics and Distribution

We all generally must move people, supplies, products, and or service equipment and personnel to customer locations. Logistics through supply chain providers is a growing and attractive alternative to owning and operating assets yourself:

Typical Outsourced Functions: Warehousing, transportation & fleet management, shipping coordination services, consumables purchasing, scheduling, and inventory management.

Advantages of Outsourcing:

  • Scalability to meet fluctuating demand enables businesses to adapt quickly to market changes.

  • Reduced overhead costs associated with maintaining in-house facilities lead to significant cost savings.

  • Access to advanced logistics technology and expertise ensures efficient supply chain management.

Disadvantages of Outsourcing:

  • Dependency on external providers for timely delivery can result in logistical challenges.

  • Risk of communication gaps in the supply chain may lead to errors or delays.

  • Potential loss of visibility and control over inventory management poses operational risks. (Source: Entrepreneur)

The third area I encourage you to consider is outsourcing of;

3. IT Support and Services

This is a huge and new challenge given the advent of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) developments in virtually all industries.

In a recent webinar put on by M.I.T. the CIO of Sysco discussed his automation plan rather than an ‘AI Plan.’ The point being most of us have so much to do prior to incorporating AI or ML. Including just getting the data in the first place. To that end, this genre of business functionality is generally a great place to outsource in pursuit of applicable and cost-effective solutions to your emerging needs:

Typical Outsourced Functions: Network management, cybersecurity, software development, programming, data science analysis, and search engine optimization.

Advantages of Outsourcing:

  • Cost savings are realized through access to skilled labor at lower wage rates, especially in offshore locations.

  • Enhanced cybersecurity measures and technology infrastructure provide better protection against cyber threats.

  • Flexibility to scale IT services based on business needs ensures optimal resource allocation.

Disadvantages of Outsourcing:

  • Communication challenges with offshore service providers may result in misunderstandings or delays.

  • Potential data privacy and security risks pose a threat to sensitive business information.

  • Difficulty in aligning vendor priorities with business objectives may impact service quality. (Source:

Next, I’ve included a classic outsourced business function;

4. Customer Support and Call Center Operations

We’ve all experienced that super frustrating phone experience where some offshore employee is working to understand and handle our problems. The supply of labor willing to execute these functions and the resulting low cost make this an attractive area to outsource.

However, beware, we don’t always get the impact we desire. Make sure you have included the processes to ensure training is spot on, so your brand integrity is maintained:

Typical Outsourced Functions: Handling inquiries, complaints, and support services.

Advantages of Outsourcing:

  • 24/7 customer support coverage ensures round-the-clock assistance for customers.

  • Cost savings are achieved through economies of scale, particularly for large volumes of inquiries.

  • Access to multilingual support capabilities enables businesses to serve diverse customer bases effectively.

Disadvantages of Outsourcing:

  • Risk of negative impact on customer experience if outsourced agents lack product knowledge or empathy.

  • Potential language and cultural barriers may hinder effective communication with customers.

  • Loss of control over customer interactions may result in inconsistent service quality. (Source:

The fifth and last outsourcing opportunity we’ll discuss is;

5. Accounting and Bookkeeping

Yes, an obvious candidate! But not so fast.

What if your organization is more proficient at something like payroll? Why pay an outsourced firm's markup? It is interesting to consider. However, how to handle complex tax codes is likely something you don’t need ‘in-house’ until you have scaled your business substantially.

Typical Outsourced Functions: Payroll processing, tax preparation, collections, payables, factoring receivables, periodic financial reporting, reviewed or audited financial statements, and check processing.

Advantages of Outsourcing:

  • Expertise in complex accounting regulations and tax laws ensures accurate financial management.

  • Cost savings compared to hiring full-time accounting staff lead to improved cost efficiency.

  • Focus on core business activities rather than administrative tasks enhances overall productivity.

  • Innovation and creativity in solutions generation and implementation.

Disadvantages of Outsourcing:

  • Confidentiality concerns related to financial data may arise due to sharing sensitive information with external providers.

  • Dependency on external providers for accurate and timely reporting poses risks to financial integrity.

  • The potential for miscommunication or errors in financial records may lead to compliance issues.

  • Risk of ‘brand drift’ which includes unintentional changing of your sales process and marketing objectives.



Outsourcing non-core business functions can be a strategic decision for companies looking to optimize efficiency and reduce costs. 

However, it's essential for organizations to carefully weigh the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing each function and choose reputable vendors who align with their business goals. By leveraging the expertise and resources of external service providers, businesses can focus on their core competencies and gain a competitive edge in today's dynamic market landscape.

Don’t think of outsourcing as absolute or permanent. You will want to consider ‘degrees of outsourcing’ – think sub-processes. Also, what you outsource today might make more sense to bring back in-house in your future, especially as you grow your organization. It is just as important to consider what to bring back. Make sure your planning processes include consideration of not only outsourcing but also insourcing.

I am a business coach dedicated to your success. Let me know if I can help you assess any of these opportunities. Please reach out to me at my website. I’ll spend an hour with you at no charge exploring your specific pain areas and establishing your action plan. I look forward to meeting you soon. Until then, I wish you success and abundance; it’s time to get to work!

By Paul T. Ayres

Business Coach

TheFitProfessional1, LLC


Sources: Forbes, Entrepreneur,, The Balance Small Business, TheFitProfessional1.

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